Travel Tamilnadu Temple Tour India.
Chennai, the gracious capital city of Tamil Nadu is the fourth largest metropolis in India. Located on a 17km stretch of the Coramandel coast, the city is trisected by the waterways of Cooum and Adyar and the Buckingham Canal. With a population of 6 million people, Chennai is a vibrant city ever growing, expanding and changing every year.

Popularly regarded as the "Gateway to the South", Chennai presents culture that is distinctly different from that of northern India. Music, dance and all other art forms of the South are cherished and nurtured in this city which, though industrialized, continues to be traditional and conventional in many ways.
Chennai is a city where the traditional and the modern blend in life everywhere. From traditional vegetarian fair to fast foods, from nine-yard sarees to the latest in fashion, from ancient temple architecture to modern high-rise - with Indo-Saracenic and Victorian as stops along the way - from classical music and dance to discos throbbing to heady beats, Chennai has them all and many more vivid contrasts that are a pleasant surprise. And perhaps the most striking of them all is that here is a modern metropolis with beaches, parks and even sanctuaries in the heart of the City. Chennai offers a wealth of nature and a rich historic past to visitors in the ambience of a city with every modern facility.
Places of Interest

Kalakshetra - The High Court - Fort St. George - Anna Square - Gandhi Mandapam -MGR Memorial
Rajaji Memorial - Valluvar Kottam - Victory War Memorial

Museums

Periyar Science And Technology Centre - Birla Planetarium –The Government Museum
Fort Museum - Development Centre For Musical Instruments.

Kancheepuram

Ancient Kanchipuram, the city of thousand temples, is one of the seven most sacred pilgrim centres for the Hindus. There now remain about 126 temples in Kanchi and a few more in its outskirts. The city was the capital of the Early Cholas as far back as the 2nd century BC and a Pallava capital between the 6th and 8th centuries.

Places of Interest

Ekambareswarar Temple – Vaikunta Perumal TempleAnna Memorial – Varadraja Temple – Kailasanathar Temple – Handloom Industry – Tiruttani – Sriperumpudur.

Excursion

Vedantangal (Bird Sanctuary) – Elagiri Hills.

Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram)

Though it is no longer a port ,Mamallapuram has retained its fame,thanks to the great Pallava artisans. It is among the most outstanding examples of Dravidian art and architecture and the jewel in the crown of the Pallava contribution to Tamil Nadu. In a land that is liberally strewn with some of the best in temple art, Mamallapuram holds its own, and stands as a silent yet eloquent witness to the glory of its creators and sculptors. Unfortunately most of the work was left incomplete, and time and naturel have also eroded the remains of this once great port.

Places of Interest

Arjuna’s Penance – The Mahishasuramardhini Cave – Krishna Mandapam – Five Rathas – The Shore Temple – Tiger’s Cave.

Excursion

Kanchipuram – Vedanthangal – Covelong – Crocodile Bank – Muttukadu.

Pondicherry

Situated on the Coromandel coast in an enclave in Tamil Nadu's South Arcot district, Pondicherry is 162 kms. south of Madras. It is the capital of the Union Territory of the same name and has three other enclaves including Karaikal in Tamil Nadu, Yanam in Andra Pradesh and Mahe in Kerala.
Pondicherry has a long history dating back 2000 years when it was an important Roman trading post. The region was at various periods ruled by the Pallavas and Cholas. In the early 16th century, when it was known as Pulichery or Poocheri and under the rule of the Nayaks of Gingee, the Danes set up a European trading post at his invitation. The Nayak was at times unhappy with the Portuguese who were the first Europeans in Pondy. But it is the French connection that made Pondicherry famous. Francois Martin, a Frenchman, established the modern city of Pondicherry between 1673 and 1680 when most of the trade with France was through this port. The French established their supremacy in this area by waging several battles against Dutch, the English and the Caranatic Nawabs. Some of the famous Frenchmen who ruled from Pondicherry were Dupleix, De Sufferin, De Lally and Dumas. Pondicherry still remains something of its French flavour in its street names, policemen's kepis, spellings of names, the French accent which shows through in the pronunciation of English and Tamil words, a mixture of French words in ordinary conversation, and research institutions and monuments which are named after and dedicated to French heroes.

Places of Interest

Cenotaph – Aurobindo Ahsram – Beach – French Institute – Jipmer – Botanical Gardens – Museum
Varadraja Temple – Manakula Vinayaka Temple – Thirukameshwarar.

Excursion

Tiruvannamalai – Sathanur - Gingee

Yercaud

This quite little hill station on the Shevaroy hills of the Eastern ghats is the only one of its kind in northern Tamil Nadu. While the rest of this region is generally dry, including the predominantly short and rocky hills of the Eastern ghats, Yercaud presents a welcome contrast with its cool climate. Coffee and citrus fruits, most notably oranges, are grown in abundance apart from bananas, pears and jack. Scenically, Yercaud is as enchanting and picturesque as the hill stations on the Western ghats and trekking here can be one of the most pleasurable ways to pass time.

Places of Interest

Lady’s Seat – Killiyur Falls – Pagoda Point – Arthur’s Seat – Kaveri Peak – Shevaroyan Temple – Yercaud Lake The Anna Park – Athe Montfort School – The Retreat.

Excursion

Namakkal – Tiruchengodu – Sankagiri – Salem – Mettur.

Udhagamandalam (Ooty)

Called the 'Queen of Hill Stations' picturesque, green Udhagamandalam better known as Ooty is the most popular hill station in the South. Located in the Western Ghats at a height of 2240m, Udhagamandalam is the headquarters of the Nilgiris district where the two ghats meet. Nature has been generous with this region which is by far the most beautiful in the state. Apart from coffee and tea plantations, trees like conifers, eucalyptus, pine and wattle dot the hillside in Udhagamandalam and its environs.

Places of Interest

Mini garden – Art Gallery (Lalith Kala Academy) – Rose Garden – Kotagiri – St. Stephen’s Church –
Botanical Garden – Dodabetta Peak.

Excursion

Coonoor – Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary – Ketti vally view point – Glenmorgan – Upper Bhavani – Kalahatty Falls – Wenlock Downs – Cairn Hill – Mukurthi Peak & National Park – Pykara.

Poompuhar

Poompuhar in Sirkali Taluk of Nagai district is also known as Kaveripoompattinam. Tourists have to alight at Mayiladuthurai railway junction, to proceed to Poompuhar by road, Visitors from Chennai by train have to get down at Sirkali. Poompuhar is connected to Mayiladuthurai as well as Sirkali. by road. The distance from Poompuhar to Mayiladuthurai is 24 Kms. and to Sirkali, 21 Kms.
Tourists from Chennai to Poompuhar by private carriers can take the route via Tindivanam
Pondicherry, Cuddalore and Sirkali. Those who come from Madurai, Ramanathapuram and Tirunelveli may proceed via Melur, Tiruppathur, Karaikudi, Tharangampadi and Akkur. They can also come via Pudukkottai, Thanjavur, and Mayiladuthurai.

Places of Interest

Sillappa thikara Art Gallery – Thirusaikkadu Temple (Sayavanam) – Thiruppallavaneeswaram (Poompuhar)
Melapperumpallam and Keezhapperumpallam – Thiruvengadu – Thiruvakkur – Sempanarkoil – Punjai.

Coimbatore

The third largest city of the state, Coimbatore, the headquarters of a district of the same name, is one of the most industrialised cities in Tamil Nadu. Known as the textile capital of South India or the Manchester of the South, the city is situated on the banks of the river Noyyal. Coimbatore existed even prior to the 2nd century AD as a small tribal village capital called Kongunad until it was brought under Chola control in the 2nd or 3rd century AD by Karikalan, the first of the early Cholas. Among its other great rulers were the Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, Pandyas, Hoysalas and the Vijayanagara kings. When Kongunad fell to the British along with the rest of the state, its name was changed to Coimbatore and it is by this name that it is known today, except in Tamil, in which it is called Kovai.

Places of Interest

Perur Temple – Marudhamalai Temple – Agricultural University – V O C Park – Forest College – G. D. Naidu Industrial Exhibition - Bhavani – Vaideki Water Falls – Black Thunder (Water Theme Park).

Excursion

Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary – Topslip – Thirumoorthy Temple – The Siruvani Waterfalls & Dam – Thiruppur – Palani – Bannari – Kodumudi – Sengupathi Water Falls – Monkey Falls.

Tiruchirappalli

Tiruchirappalli now called Trichy is situated on the banks of the Cauvery river. Trichy, the fourth largest city in the state was a citadel of the early Cholas which later fell to the Pallavas. But the Pallavas never really managed to retain control of this strategic city and lost it to the Pandyas several times. The struggle for power between the Pallavas and Pandyas continued till 10th centuryas the Cholas asserted and assumed the reigns until the deadline of the century. When this empire collapsed in 1565, Trichy came to be under the rule of the Nayaks of Madurai, the Marathas, the Nawabs of Carnatic, the French and finally the British. But it was under the Nayaks of Madurai that Trichy prospered in its own right and grew to be the city that it is today. The city is a fine blend of the traditions and modern and is built around the Rock Fort. Apart from the fort there are several churches, colleges and missions dating back to the 1760s. With excellent infrastructure facilities Trichy is a good base to see east-central TamilNadu

Places of Interest

Rock Fort – Vinayaka Temple – Sri Thayumanaswamy Temple – Tiruvanaikkaval/Jambukeswara Temple -
Srirangam – Gangaikondancholapuram.

Excursion

Grand Anicut (Kallani) – Mukkombu – Vayaloor – Samayapuram – Viralimalai – Sittanavasal – Puliancholai
Kodumbalur.

Thanjavur

Scenically one of the most enchanting districts in the state, green, airy, Thanjavur lies to the east of Trichy and has the reputation as the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu. It is not surprising that the great Cholas chose Thanjavur as the location of some of their most magnificent creations, since this now small city once occupied the proud position as their capital and most treasured territory. Though the history of Thanjavur is far older than the Chola period itself, it is during their reign between the 10th and 14th centuries that the city rose to dizzying heights, becoming the centre of Tamil learning and culture. The Tamil University, set up recently is situated here and is devoted to the growth of Tamil literature and language. Today, what remainds of its glorious legacy are the temples of the Cholas, not less than 74 of which are around Thanjavur itself.

Places of Interest

Sri Bragadeeswarar Temple – The Palace – Art Gallery – Saraswathi Mahal Library – Hall of Music –
Royal Museum – Schwartz Church – Sivaganga Tank – Tamil University.

Excursion

Thirukandiyur – Kumbakonam – Tharagambadi (Tranquebar) – Swamimalai – Thirubuvanam – Thiruvaiyaru
Manora – Grant Anicut – Darasuram – Velankanni – Nagore – Kodikarai (Point Calimere).

Nagapattinam

Nagappattinam is a unique District with all its historical and cultural significance. Nagappattinam one of the constituents of Chola mandalam, acclaimed as the most prominent among the ancient Tamil Kingdom. Its salient features more than anything else have contributed to the glory of the cholamandalam. Town Nagappattinam was the Headquarters of a region during Chola period.Nagappattinam was also known as 'Cholkula Vallippattinam'. The heritage of the town is found in the Burmese historical text of 3rd century B.C. The same text gives evidences of a Buddha Vihar built by the great Ashoka. The Chinese Traveller Huang Tsuang also mentioned the same Buddha Vihar in his book. Nagappattinam is mentioned as 'Padarithitha' in ancient Buddhist literature. According to scholars Avurithidal (the name of part of Nagappattinam might have been derived from the word "Padarithitha"), Padarithitha is the name of a fruit tree, very common in this region.

Places of Interest

Nagor – Velanganni – Sikkal – Kodiyakkarai – Vedaranyam (Thirumaraikkadu) – Ettukkudi – Thirukkuvalai – Koothanur – Mannarkudi.

Kodaikkanal

In a state where scenery and terrain is perhaps more varied than in any other part of the country, where the forested slopes of the majestic hills of the western ghats vie with the magnificent beaches of the Coromandel coast, it is indeed difficult to decide which is the best feature of multi-faceted Tamil Nadu. Located 120 kms away from Madurai, Kodaikkanal is a beautiful hill station and is at an altitude of 2133m on the southern tip of the upper Palani hills in the Western ghats. Kodaikkanal has a bracing climate where temperature do not vary much from summer to winter. Fruits like plums and plantains grow abundantly on the wooded slopes apart from a wide variety of flowers, among which is the famous Kurinji flower which blooms once in twelve years.

Places of Interest

Star Shaped Lake – solar Observatories – Orchidorium – Coaker’s Walk and Priest’s Walk – Pillar Rocks Green Valley View – Bear Shola Falls – Silver Cascade – Fairy Falls – Glen Falls – Perumal Peak – Kurinji Andavar.

Excursion

Palani.

Pudukkottai

Pudukkottai town is the headquarters of the district . Once a princely State, the area, which comprises the district, is of absorbing interest to historians, anthropologists, archaeologists and lovers of art. The numerous dolmens, stone circles and other forms of megalithic burials in the district indicate the antiquity of this region dating back to pre-historic and protohistorical times.This tract is mentioned in the Sangam classics.The archaeological and cultural remains at Kodumbalur, Narthamalai, Kudumianmalai, Kunnandarkoil, Sittannavasal, Thirumayam and Avudaiyarkoil are proof of its rich cultural heritage. The origin of Pudukkottai as a Princely state in the 17th Century A.D. is only one colourful aspect of the past of the region. Pudukkottai town lies on the Chennai - Rameswaram Railway line. It is 390 kms from Chennai. 53 kms from Tiruchirappalli and 57 kms. from Thanjavur. The rulers of Pudukkottai have built several beautiful places and Folk dieties, Pudukkottai district also constructed tanks canals and palaces.

Places of Interest

Sri Kokarneswarar Temple – Government Museum – Brahadambal Temple – Thirukokarnam – Buvaneswari Temple – Church of St. Antony – Zion Jubilee Church – Sacred Hear Church.

Theni

Resounding cascades, silver-lined clouds resting atop billiard green hill tops, sheer rock faces and temples of antiquity are the stuff that distinguish the tourism destinations of the Theni District.
These unique places warm the soul and provide the much-needed balm to the mind. Rustic ambience, hospitality of the local populace and their pastoral way of life make the destinations in Theni district a tourists’ dream.
Theni district in the Southern part of Tamil Nadu is one among the choicest tourist delights and destinations with a delightful mixture of tourist attractions such as captivating dams, waterfalls and countless pilgrim centres.
This district is surrounded by the Western ghats, with it ubiquitous green stretches of cultivated lands and tea gardens. Silk cotton, soft towels, coffee seeds, cardamom, mango, are the main produce of the district.
Theni district is the main route for the tourist bound from Madurai to Kochi via Bodinayakanur and Munnar and Madurai to Thekkadi wildlife sanctuary.

Place of Interest

Vaigai Dam – Mavoothu – Curative Powers – Devadanapatti - Kamatchi Amman Temple – Periakulam – Balasubramanya Temple – Sothupparai Dam – Kumbakkarai Falls – Veerapandi – Kuchanur – Chinnamanur – Theertha Thotti – Suruli Falls – Kailasanathar Temple Cave – Tiger Falls.

Excursion

Kodaikkanal – Palani – Madurai.

Madurai

Known as the Athens of the East, Madurai, the second largest city in Tamil Nadu is situated on the banks of the river Vaigai. An ancient city, more than 2,500 years old, Madurai is believed to have been built by the Pandyan King Kulasekara in the 6th century BC. The city is said to have got its name from the drops of nectar (Mathuram) that fell from Shiva's locks when he came to bless its people for constructing a temple for him. Originally named Madhurapuri or the 'land of nectar', the name later got modified as Madurai. From such legendary beginnings, the actual history of Madurai emerges sometime during the 3rd century BC when it was the prosperous Pandya's then capital which had trading contacts with Greece and Rome

Places of Interest

Meenakshi Temple – Sundareswarar Temple – Temple Museum – Thirumalai Nayak Mahal – Koodal Azhagar Temple – Vandiyur Mariamman Teppakulam – The Gandhi Museum – Thirupparankuram – Azhagar Koil

Excursion

Vaigai Dam – Kodaikanal – Periyar wildlife Sanctuary.

Rameswaram

Rameswaram, a small island in the Gulf of Mannar, is a major pilgrim centre .It is connected to the mainland by road and rail bridges. Rameswaram is holy, because Sri Rama, on his return from Sri Lanka, offered his thanks to Lord Shiva and performed pooja to wash away his sins which he got by killing Demon King, Ravana. Rameswaram is known for its theerthas (wells) in and around the main temple. This place is equally sacred to both Vaishnavites and Saivites. According to Hindu Mithology, if one will visit Rameswaram and pray Lord Shiva means, the whole sins will be relieved from the body. The Ramanathaswamy temple is renowned for its magnificent corridors and massive sculptured pillars. The third corridor of Ramanathaswamy temple is the longest one in the world.

Places of Interest

Sri. Ramanathaswamy temple - Agni Theertham - Gandamadana Parvatham - Sukreevar Temple/ Theertham Satchi Hanuman Temple - Badrakaliamman Temple - Five faced Hanuman Temple - Jadayu Theertham Nambu Nayagi Amman temple - Kodandaramar Temple - Dhanushkodi - Villoondi Theertham - Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge.

Excursion

Kurusadai Island – Mandapam - Ramanathapuram - Tirupullani - Sethukarai - Devipattinam - Uthirakosamangai Erwadi - Uppoor Kanchirankulam – Valinokkam.

Tirunelveli

Situated on the banks of the river Tambraparni, the small town of Tirunelveli which was once the capital of the Pandyas, has a history that goes back 2000 years. The main attraction of modern-day Tirunelveli, however, is the twin temple of Kanthimathi-Nellaiappar dedicated to Parvati and Siva respectively. Among the interesting sights in the temple are the golden lily tank, the thousand-pillared hall which has some exquisite sculptures and the musical pillars which produce different musical notes when struck. About 13kms from Tirunelveli is Krishnapuram temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Here he is called Thiruvenkatanathar. But what makes the temple worth stopping for are the beautiful life-size sculptures carved with great intricacy and dedication by their creators.

Excursion

Sankarankovil – Courtallam – Papanasam – Tiruchendur – Manappad – Thuthukudi – Panchalankurichi
Mundanthurai wildlife Sanctuary – Kalyanatheertham – Panartheertham – Agasthiyar Temple & Falls
Upper Kodaiyar & Manjolai – Kalakadu Wildlife Sanctuary – Shengatheri – Pathamadai – Thirukkurangudi
Kunthakulam Bird Sanctury – Ovari.

Kanniyakumari

Described as the southernmost end of Tamil Nadu, the land end of India or the point where theland's three seas meet, enchanting Kanniyakumari or Cape Comorin is one of the most popular tourist spots in the state and indeed, in the country. Part of the fascination is of course due to the fact that it is the very tip of the Indian peninsula and the confluence of the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. The other part is that the nature is so spectacular at Kanniyakumari, that several other Indian beaches pale by comparison. Cape Comorin is at its best during Chitra Pournami(full moon day in April) when the sun and moon are face to face at the same horizon but other full moon days are also special when you can see the sun set and the moon rise almost simultaneously, as if by prior arrangement.

Places of Interest

Kumariamman Temple – Gandhi Memorial – Vivekananda Memorial – Thiruvalluvar Statue –
Kamaraj Memorial

Excursion

Suchindram – Nagercoil – Olakcruvi Waterfalls – Church of Manapadu – Kumarakovil – Mondaikadu Bagavathy Amman Temple – Thengapattinam Beach.

Hogenkal Fall

Situated on the Karnataka - Tamil Nadu border, Hogenakal is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful places in the state. The broad stream of the River Cauvery gets forked at this point, forming an island from where one stream continues on while it plunges into a deep chasm to create one of the loveliest waterfall gives these rocks the name Hogenakal which means "smoking rock" in Kannada. Since the waters of the kauvery flow through a forest of herbs on their journey to Hogenakal, bathing in these falls is considered to be good for health.

 
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